Led Zeppelin II is the second studio album by English rock band Led Zeppelin, released on 22 October 1969 by Atlantic Records. It was recorded from January to August 1969 while the band toured North America and the United Kingdom; its production is credited entirely to songwriter and lead guitarist Jimmy Page. Led Zeppelin II is the band's first album recorded with audio engineer Eddie Kramer, whose techniques appreciably influenced their later work. Incorporating elements of blues and folk music, it displayed the band's evolving musical style—a guitar-driven, riff-based, blues-derived sound—and has been described as their heaviest album.
The album sold well at release, becoming Led Zeppelin's first number one in the UK and the U.S.A. In 1970, art director David Juniper was nominated for a Grammy Award for Best Recording Package. On 15 November 1999, Led Zeppelin II was certified 12× Platinum by the RIAA. Writers and music critics have regularly cited it in polls of the greatest and most influential rock albums.
Led Zeppelin were an English rock band, formed in 1968, consisting of Jimmy Page (guitar), Robert Plant (vocals, harmonica), John Paul Jones (bass guitar, keyboards, mandolin), and John Bonham (drums). With their heavy, guitar-driven blues-rock sound, Led Zeppelin are regularly cited as one of the progenitors of heavy metal and hard rock, even though the band's individualistic style drew from many sources and transcends any one music genre. Led Zeppelin did not release songs from their albums as singles in the United Kingdom, as they preferred to develop the concept of "album-oriented rock".
Thirty years after disbanding following Bonham's death in 1980, the band continues to be held in high regard for their artistic achievements, commercial success, and broad influence. The band have sold over 200 million albums worldwide, including 111.5 million certified units in the United States, making them one of the best-selling music artists of all time. They have had all of their original studio albums reach the top 10 of the Billboard album chart in the US, with six reaching the number one spot. Led Zeppelin are ranked number one on VH1's "100 Greatest Artists of Hard Rock" and Classic Rock's "50 Best Live Acts of All Time". Rolling Stone magazine has described Led Zeppelin as "the heaviest band of all time", "the biggest band of the '70s" and "unquestionably one of the most enduring bands in rock history." Similarly, the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame describes the band as being "as influential in that decade [70s] as The Beatles were in the prior one."
In 2007, the surviving members of Led Zeppelin reunited (along with John Bonham's son, Jason) for the Ahmet Ertegün Tribute Concert at The O2 Arena in London. The band was honoured with the "Best Live Act" prize for their one-off reunion at MOJO Awards 2008, where they were declared the "greatest rock and roll band of all time."
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