Felt is a fabric which is unwoven. Felt gets its property due to entanglement of fibers with each other. Felt is formed by applying heat, moisture, and pressure on wool or fur. First, heat and moisture is applied on the fibers. Then outer scales come out. In the soap or an alkaline environment, these fibers slide freely with each other resulting in a fine entanglement of these fibers. Also, there is a bonding among these fibers, as there is protein content in them. This results in a stronger entanglement. Lastly, pressure is applied so that it transforms into a fine fabric in form of felt.
The felt items are very ancient in origin. Its first use dates back to 6500-3000 BC which is evident from the wall paintings of the time in Turkey. Another record of the use of the felt dates back to 5th century BC when Roman soldiers equipped themselves with felt breastplates, boots, and socks. From that time till date, felt items are still in use in some parts of the world where there are harshly cold conditions, like Mongolia, Turkey, Scandinavia, Russia etc.
These days, felt items are gaining popularity more as fancy items and fashionable goods. As such, demand of such items are gradually going upwards and large volumes of felt items, in form of Purse, hand bags, slippers, hats etc are exported from Nepal each year. Manufacturers are also continuously modifying their products by adding contemporary designs and attributes.